Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2017
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Basis of Presentation
The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and are expressed in United States Dollars. The Companys fiscal year end is December 31.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company also regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to deferred income tax asset valuation allowances.
The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Companys estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended June 30, 2017 include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Singapore Volition Pte. Limited, Belgian Volition SPRL (Belgian Volition), Hypergenomics Pte. Limited, Volition America, Inc., which was formed on February 3, 2017 (Volition America), and Volition Diagnostics UK Limited (Volition Diagnostics). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of issuance to be cash equivalents. At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had $16,505,210 and $21,678,734, respectively, in cash and cash equivalents. At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $14,599,241 and $17,154,377, respectively, in its domestic accounts in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insured limits. At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $1,079,122 and $2,401,894, respectively, in its foreign accounts in excess of the Belgian Deposit Guarantee insured limits. At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $256,233 and $1,719,937, respectively, in its foreign accounts in excess of the Singapore Deposit Insurance Scheme. At June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $84,777 and $nil, respectively, in its foreign accounts in excess of the UK Deposit Protection Scheme.
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 260, Earnings Per Share, which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. As of June 30, 2017, 1,048,192 dilutive warrants and options and 779,901 potentially dilutive warrants and options were excluded from the diluted EPS calculation as their effect is anti-dilutive.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Companys functional currencies are the Euro, the United States Dollar and British Pounds Sterling and its reporting currency is the United States Dollar. Management has adopted ASC 830-20, Foreign Currency Matters Foreign Currency Transactions. All assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the balance sheet date. For revenues and expenses, the weighted average exchange rate for the period is used. Gains and losses arising on translation or settlement of foreign currency denominated transactions or balances are included in other comprehensive loss.
Certain balances in previously issued financial statements have been reclassified to be consistent with the current period presentation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Management has considered all recent accounting pronouncements issued since the last audit of our consolidated financial statements. The Companys management believes that these recent pronouncements will not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements. However, the following pronouncement has been adopted by the Company:
In March 2016, the FASB Issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation Stock Compensation (Topic 718). The amendments in this update simplify aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions. An entity can now make an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest (current GAAP) or account for forfeitures when they occur. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is stated at cost and is amortized on a straight-line basis, at the following rates:
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef