Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company without audit. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows at March 31, 2019, and for all periods presented herein, have been made.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 13, 2019. The results of operations for the periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full years. The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are expressed in United States Dollars. The Company’s fiscal year end is December 31.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company also regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to deferred income tax asset valuation allowances and stock-based compensation.
The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended March 31, 2019 include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Singapore Volition, Belgian Volition, Volition America, and Volition Diagnostics. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
In February of 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02- Leases (Topic 842), which significantly amends the way companies are required to account for leases. Under the updated leasing guidance, some leases that did not have to be reported previously are now required to be presented as an asset and liability on the balance sheet. In addition, for certain leases, what was previously classified as an operating expense must now be allocated between amortization expense and interest expense. The Company adopted this update as of January 1, 2019 using the optional modified retrospective transition method and prior periods have not been restated. Upon implementation, the Company recognized an initial operating lease right-of-use asset of $110,630 and operating lease liability of $110,630. Due to the simplistic nature of the Company's leases, no retained earnings adjustment was required. See Note 9(b) for further details.
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 260, “Earnings Per Share,” which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. As of March 31, 2019, 7,724,055 potential common shares equivalents from warrants and options were excluded from the diluted EPS calculations as their effect is anti-dilutive.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has implemented all other new applicable accounting pronouncements that are in effect. The Company does not believe that there are any other new applicable accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef